Introductory Note. In response to this repression and in a political move to exert more control over the growing revolutionary movement in the south, the Communist party in North Vietnam forms the National Liberation Front in South Vietnam in December 1960. Herbert Macaulay founded the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDF) in 1923. Vietnam War, 1961-1975. Many of the Việt Cộng's core members were volunteer "regroupees", southern Việt Minh who had resettled in the North after the Geneva Accord (1954). Vietnam has gone full circle: From a neo-colony ruled by puppet dictators backed by an American occupation army involving 500,000 troops from 1955-1975, to its current ‘Communist’ rulers who have turned-over its markets, industries, ports, resources and labor to the 500 largest Western and Asian multi-national corporations. In 1936 the Nigerian youth movement (NYM) was founded by Nnamdi Azikiwe. Vietnam and the women's liberation movement interview with Sandra Hawker and Helen Jarvis [from Green Left Weekly, 26 April 1995]. It deals with the years 1965 to 1967 when the United States tried and failed through large-scale military action to crush the insurgents in the South. This document—a political discussion guide—was written for the members of the Independent Socialist Club of Berkeley when the Vietnam War seemed to take a new turn, with the Tet offensive of 1968 launched by the National Liberation Front. In 1936 the Nigerian youth movement (NYM) was founded by Nnamdi Azikiwe. After 1954, the Workers Party became the ruling party in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, north of the 17th parallel, in what was supposed to be a temporary division of the country. But at the same time, we still know very little about the other side, the Viet Minh and the National Liberation Front (NLF) of South Vietnam. National Liberation Front of South Vietnam definition, meaning, English dictionary, synonym, see also 'National',Grand National',African National Congress',British National Party', Reverso dictionary, English definition, English vocabulary The situation led to the national movement fighting for peace and unification of the country. This they agreed to do and in December, 1960, the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF) was formed. Obviously, judging from the causes and ultimate results it is possible to estimate that the Vietnam wars were rather liberation movement than social revolution. As we know, the FLN succeeded in eliminating its rival for hegemony in the national liberation movement, and, after victory, established the new Algerian government. The treaty, which removed those tribes from their ancestral homelands to make way for white settlement, ...read more, On December 20, 1986, three Black men are attacked by a group of white teenagers yelling racial slurs in Howard Beach, a predominately white, middle-class, Italian-American neighborhood in Queens, New York. Later Vietnam was occupied by both Paris and Japan. In December, 1960, the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF) was formed. Some led guerrilla groups, composed of the remnants of the defeated armies, in attacks on French outposts. Under the terms of the Accords, military personnel were order… Then the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam was formed. Vietnamese resistance. And its founding program called for the neutralization of South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. If at the height of the Vietnam War (1965-76) you had asked an American who their country was fighting in Vietnam, most would have said the Viet Cong. The NLF reached out to those parts of South Vietnamese society who were displeased with the government and policies of President Ngo Dinh Diem. With the reunification of Vietnam in 1976, the NLF joined the Vietnamese Communist Party and the other political organizations in forming a National United Front. Gradually, the national liberation movement spread over the entire territory of Vietnam and eventually the foreigners and local puppet regime supported by the US and France was defeated. The Weather Underground went on to carry out numerous attacks in protest against the Vietnam War and in solidarity with the Black Liberation movement. Under an agreement reached between East and West Berlin, ...read more, On December 20, 1957, while spending the Christmas holidays at Graceland, his newly purchased Tennessee mansion, rock-and-roll star Elvis Presley receives his draft notice for the United States Army. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Herbert Macaulay founded the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDF) in 1923. North Vietnam announces the formation of the National Front for the Liberation of the South at a conference held “somewhere in the South.” This organization, more commonly known as the National Liberation Front (NLF), was designed to replicate the success of the Viet Minh, the umbrella nationalist organization that successfully liberated Vietnam from French colonial rule. The National Liberation Front in Vietnam was composed of South Vietnamese under the direction of the North Vietnamese army. Introductory Note. A "National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam" was recently formed in South Vietnam by various forces opposing the fascist Ngo Dinh Diem regime. And it’s very striking that the National Liberation Front was the only group that ever called for the independence of South Vietnam. National Elements and Imperialist Elements 3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) (sometimes not capitals) a revolutionary movement that seeks the national independence of a country, usually by guerrilla warfare 2. Continuing our historical features on Vietnam and the movement against the war in the '60s and '70s is this interview with SANDRA HAWKER and HELEN JARVIS. The Sai Gon government could not suppress the aspiration of all Vietnamese people to unify the country, especially after the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam was established on 20th December 1960. Although the Viet Cong forces were soundly defeated during the course of the offensive, they achieved a great psychological victory because the attack prompted many long time supporters of the war to question the Johnson administration’s optimistic predictions. The Việt Minh was considered by the Communist Party of Vietnam as a form of national independence front in Vietnam, it was also known as the Việt Minh's Independent Allied Front, Việt Minh Front. Together, their movement defeated the greatest military machine the world had ever seen. In December 1960, the National Liberation Front (NLF) was established in South Vietnam. The U.S. military government forcefully dissolved the people’s committees that were formed as independent South Corean people’s organizations and exhaustively massacred and oppressed the national liberation movement forces and patriotic and democratic forces after the U.S. army came into South Corea in September 1945 as an occupation force. Vietnam has gone full circle: From a neo-colony ruled by puppet dictators backed by an American occupation army involving 500,000 troops from 1955-1975, to its current ‘Communist’ rulers who have turned-over its markets, industries, ports, resources and labor to the 500 largest Western and Asian multi-national corporations. North Vietnam established the National Liberation Front on December 20, 1960, to foment insurgency in the South. Anti-imperialism and Revolution 2. The free speech movement: a) failed in its efforts to establish free speech on college campuses. From a different point of view, such wars are called insurgencies, rebellions, or wars of independence. Corrections? An African country Nigeria becomes colony to Britain in 1861. Hanoi gave the regroupees military training and sent them back to the South along the Ho Chi Minh trail in the early 1960s. Why Socialists Support National Liberation 4. The National Liberation Movement grew out of the resistance of workers in the colonies in the wake of the Russian Revolution, generally inspired and led by the Comintern, and swept across the “Third World” following the Second World War, culminating in the defeat of the US in Vietnam in 1975. Activist groups opened direct talks with the National Liberation Front in South Vietnam and sent delegations to the North. An armed rebellion led by the communist-led National Liberation Front (NLF), also called the “Viet Cong”, in South Vietnam challenged the corrupt U.S.-backed dictatorship in Saigon, resulting in the Kennedy Administration sending increasing numbers of military advisors to the country. To others, the Vietnam War was a forfeit, a just war needlessly lost by timid policymakers and a … “The will to hold out must be brought home to every unit!” Halder was also informed that he ...read more. Personalities of the Liberation movement of South Vietnam by Committee to Aid the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (U.S.) Publication date 1965 Topics Revolutionaries -- Vietnam -- Biography. For example, they carried out a number of bombings of U.S. military and government facilities, including the … Read the essential details about the National Liberation Front. The National Liberation Front. Q.3- Which of the movement was against the spread of Christianity? The Saigon regime dubbed the NLF the “Viet Cong,” a pejorative contraction of Viet Nam Cong San (Vietnamese Communists). The Indonesian War of Independence (1945-1949) followed with the Liberation of Irian Jaya (1960-1962) and the liberation of East Timor (1975), The First Indochina War (1946–54), Vietnam War (1959–75), and the Algerian War of Independence (1954–62) were all considered national liberation wars by the rebelling sides of the conflicts. One hundred delegates representing more than a dozen political parties and religious groups–both communists and non-communists–were in attendance at the conference. The Weather Underground went on to carry out numerous attacks in protest against the Vietnam War and in solidarity with the Black Liberation movement. The group is better known as the Viet Cong (Việt Cộng) or V.C., short for "Vietnamese Communist. The revolutionary movement in South Vietnam was formalised on December 20th 1960, with the formation of Mat Tran Dan Toc Giai Phong Mien Nam (the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam). b) began in Berkeley to protest a campus ban on political groups convening and distributing literature at a central meeting place. Wars of national liberation or national liberation revolutions are conflicts fought by nations to gain independence. . Q.4- Which European country colonised Vietnam? Military Support and Political Support 5. What was the flaw in American officials' assumption that the U.S. military's superior technology and power would defeat the Communist forces in South Vietnam? . Here too terrorism and assassination was used by one movement (the FLN) against the other. It was connected to and inspired people’s movements all over the world, reaching from Asia to Africa and the Middle East to Latin America and into the imperialist centers in … This was revealed by Reuters in Saigon and by different papers published in . A "National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam" was recently formed in South Vietnam by various forces opposing the fascist Ngo Dinh Diem regime. And its founding program called for the neutralization of South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. It was connected to and inspired people’s movements all over the world, reaching from Asia to Africa and the Middle East to Latin America and into the imperialist centers in … It also led the National Liberation Front (NLF) and its People’s Liberation Armed Forces (PLAF) in the south. This is an essay about the NLF in My Tho Province. The NLF occupied the presidential palace in Saigon on 30th April 1975 and finally unified Vietnam. n 1. a revolutionary movement that seeks the national independence of a country, usually by guerrilla warfare 2. In response to this colonization, it is formed in 1960 the National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam (NLF), which wages a liberation war against the US imperialism agent. Related posts: […] After 1954, the Workers Party became the ruling party in the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, north of the 17th parallel, in what was supposed to be a temporary division of the country. Consequently, the struggle for national liberation and unity took on an international character. Many of the Việt Cộng's core members were volunteer "regroupees", southern Việt Minh who had resettled in the North after the Geneva Accord (1954). National liberation movements -- Vietnam. 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